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2019年4月27日雅思大作文真题参考范文

来源:新航道 浏览:0 发布日期:2019-05-05 17:23

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2019年4月27日雅思大作文题目:应该保存哪些老建筑?利弊是什么?

Some people think that certain old buildings are more worth preserving than the other ones. Which types of old buildings should be preserved? Do you think that the advantages of preserving these old buildings outweigh the disadvantages?

解析&审题

本题的关键词是老建筑。这个话题在2017年12月4日出现过,问的是“为什么需要保护老建筑”。此外,2018年2月3日的考试也与本话题相关,问的是“应该保护老建筑还是应该建新房子和道路?”本次考试要求讨论的题目是“哪些老建筑需要保护以及保护老建筑的优劣势”。可见,这几次考试题目既有交叉之处,又各有侧重。

按照常规想法,我们一般会认为那些具有历史文化价值的老建筑应该保留下来,这既是我们历史文化的一部分,也可以作为旅游资源加以使用。但是有些老建筑可能已经对城市安全产生了影响,那就应该拆除重建。因此,原则上我们应该保留那些具有历史价值的老建筑,但也要根据具体情况决定是否应该保留它们。

以下是新航道沈阳学校的高分范文,大家可认真阅读,看老师是如何把以上思路落实到具体文字表达的。

老师笔记

01.It is important to maintain certain old buildings in view of their advantages to societies. Old buildings such as museums, palaces, religious constructions, and ancient structures and sites are a part of a nation’s history. Societies have long sought to protect and preserve these cultural heritage for considerations ranging from historical research to public education to tourist attractions and to the desire to reinforce a sense of national identity. People have only to cast their eyes on an old building to feel the presence of the past and the spirit of a place, as if it were the very reflection of history. In this respect, demolishing an old building of historic value is no different from destroying a piece of history.

鉴于某些旧建筑对社会的好处,对它们进行维护是很重要的。博物馆、宫殿、宗教建筑、古建筑和遗址等老建筑是一个国家历史的一部分。长期以来,社会一直在寻求保护和保存这些文化遗产,原因从历史研究到公共教育,再到旅游景点,再到增强民族认同感的愿望,不一而足。人们只需把目光投向一座古老的建筑,就可以感受到过去的存在和一个地方的精神,就好像它是历史的镜像。在这方面,拆除具有历史价值的旧建筑与摧毁一段历史并无不同。

解析

(1) 本段开门见山,回答题目中的第一个问题,提出那些对社会有好处的老建筑应该保存。随后列举这类老建筑,然后列举原因。

(2) In view of 鉴于;因为

(3) Cultural heritage 文化遗产

(4) Range from ... to... 从......到......的范围内

(5) Reinforce 强化;加强

(6) National identity 国家身份

(7) Demolish 拆除;推倒

新航道沈阳学校

02.Nevertheless, sometimes it is better to knock down certain types of old buildings that are less worth preserving. Although this might seem “morally” wrong, actually it is the right choice to do so. When a historic structure has become a threat to society, for example, having it removed can actually add more value to the area around it. In such cases, of course, the land cleared should be used beneficially for the progress of society. This change could attract property investors to that area that might have otherwise been avoided. Furthermore, it would often cost a lot more to restore a destroyed old building than to replace it with a new one. 

然而,有时拆除某些不太值得保留的旧建筑会更好。虽然这看起来“道德上”是错误的,但实际上是正确的选择。例如,当一个历史建筑对社会构成威胁时,移除它实际上可以为它周围的地区增加更多的价值。当然,在这种情况下,被清理的土地应该被用来使之有利于社会进步。这一变化可能会吸引房地产投资者进入他们本来会避免的领域。此外,修复一座被摧毁的旧建筑通常要比用一座新建筑替换它花费更多。

解析

(1) 本段转换角度,讨论保存老建筑的弊端:对社会构成安全问题;阻止地方增值;花费巨大。

(2) Knock down 拆除

(3) Add value to... 为......增加价值

(4) Replace ... with... 用......来代替......

03.In the big picture of pros and cons, it should be made a legal rule to protect and preserve old buildings of historic value. But then, there should as well be a few exceptions to the rule.

在正反两面的局面中,应该制定法律规则来保护和保存具有历史价值的老建筑。但是,也应该允许规则之外存在一些例外。

解析

(1) 本段为结论,并重申自己的观点。

(2) Pros and cons 赞同和反对

(3) A few exceptions to the rule 规则的几个例外

7分范文

It is important to maintain certain old buildings in view of their advantages to societies. Old buildings such as museums, palaces, religious constructions, and ancient structures and sites are a part of a nation’s history. Societies have long sought to protect and preserve these cultural heritage for considerations ranging from historical research to public education to tourist attractions and to the desire to reinforce a sense of national identity. People have only to cast their eyes on an old building to feel the presence of the past and the spirit of a place, as if it were the very reflection of history. In this respect, demolishing an old building of historic value is no different from destroying a piece of history.

Nevertheless, sometimes it is better to knock down certain types of old buildings that are less worth preserving. Although this might seem “morally” wrong, actually it is the right choice to do so. When a historic structure has become a threat to society, for example, having it removed can actually add more value to the area around it. In such cases, of course, the land cleared should be used beneficially for the progress of society. This change could attract property investors to that area that might have otherwise been avoided. Furthermore, it would often cost a lot more to restore a destroyed old building than to replace it with a new one.
 
In the big picture of pros and cons, it should be made a legal rule to protect and preserve old buildings of historic value. But then, there should as well be a few exceptions to the rule.

沈阳雅思培训

建议背诵的句子

1. Societies have long sought to protect and preserve these cultural heritage for considerations ranging from historical research to public education to tourist attractions and to the desire to reinforce a sense of national identity. 

长期以来,社会一直在寻求保护和保存这些文化遗产,原因从历史研究到公共教育,再到旅游景点,再到增强民族认同感的愿望,不一而足。

2. In this respect, demolishing an old building of historic value is no different from destroying a piece of history.

在这方面,拆除具有历史价值的旧建筑与摧毁一段历史并无不同。

2. When a historic structure has become a threat to society, for example, having it removed can actually add more value to the area around it.

例如,当一个历史建筑对社会构成威胁时,移除它实际上可以为它周围的地区增加更多的价值。

4. Furthermore, it would often cost a lot more to restore a destroyed old building than to replace it with a new one. 

此外,修复一座被摧毁的旧建筑通常要比用一座新建筑替换它花费更多。

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