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雅思写作地图题重点词句整理

作者:沈阳新航道 2021-11-22 16:48
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最近考题频繁的考察数据类,图形类已经很久没有出现了。需要警惕地图流程图考题的出现,因此,小编今天给大家补充一些地图题的实用词汇供大家复习使用。


地图题的考察题型多为多张地图描述一个地方的今昔变迁,常出现的地方举例为学校,医院,海岛,小镇等。


应对这类题目,首先我们就要积累适量的方位词


01方位词


东南西北:east,south,north,west


交叉方位:


northeast东北方


southeast东南方


southwest西南方


northwest西北方


注意:


1)这些词汇小写就可以,不需要大写


2)这些词可以用作名词也可以用作形容词,如in the southwestern corner/in the northeast


02地点介词


常见的表示方位的介词如next to,near等,小编在这里就不赘述了,都很简单,给大家补充3个非常好的高分介词表达:


Perpendicular to:perpendicular本身的意思是「垂直的,成直角的」-at right angles to.


垂直的;成直角的


比如这幅地图题中:


city hospital和hospital road之间的关系


例句:


The main road is perpendicular to the train station.


Clockwise-顺时针方向的


比如如下这幅图中,我们就可以按照changing room-gym-seating的顺序顺时针描述


例句:


Moving in a clockwise direction from the hospital,we can see the new car park.


Along-沿着,顺着


Along the roadside we can see a new retail area and more office developments.


03描述变化的词


新建:


Build:Three new hospitals were built.


Construct:A new road was constructed next to the town.


扩建:


Extend:The main road into town was extended by 20 meters.


Expand:The car park was expanded to accommodate an extra 50 cars.


Span:The bridge spans the width of the river.


移动:


Remove:The developers removed the old post box near the retail area.


04地图语法要点


一般现在时:


Overall there are significant changes can be found in the island particularly the new accommodation facilities.


一般将来时:


Overall,the resort will be built on the island and will include a hotel,a reception,houses,an artificial lake and a pier.


现在完成时:


Overall,the island has been transformed into a new resort which includes…


05重要句型积累


1)方位+there be句型:


On the western side of the lake there are greyfield sites.


In the center of the island there is a new hotel.


2)方位+we can see:


In the north western corner of the rubric we can see the tallest of the three buildings.


To the south of the lake we can see a new footpath,leading to a lake.


To the east of the first car park we can see three new buildings.


3)地点状语的倒装:


At the gate of the school(主语)stands a bus station.


(正常语序:A bus station stands at the gate of the school.)


On the east side of the building is the gate that directly leads to the park.


(正常语序:The gate that directly leads to the park is on the east side of the building.)


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